Estimation of some salivary variables and oral health status of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia aged 45-55 years

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Nagham H Al-Shaikh Radhi
Athraa M Al-Waheb

Abstract

Background: Chronic myeloid leukemia is a cancer of the white blood cells characterized by the increased and unregulated growth of predominantly myeloid cells in the bone marrow. This study aimed to determine the effect of chronic myeloid leukemia on Dental caries and Oral health status including Gingivitis, Loss of attachment, Plaque index and Calculus index as well as evaluation of salivary flow rate and salivary interleukins-6 and tumor necrosis factor-?.
Material and methods: Study group consisted of (75) subjects, (25) were newly diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia, (25) were taking medications (Glevic), and (25) were control subjects, all aged 45-55 years old. Collection of stimulated salivary samples was performed under standard conditions, then salivary flow rate and salivary cytokines estimation was done. Clinical examination and oral health assessment were carried out under the standardized conditions of oral health surveys of World Health organization. dental plaque was scored according to the criteria of plaque Index by Silness and Loe(1964), Dental calculus was scored following the criteria of calculus component of the periodontal Index (Ramfjord, 1959), assessment of gingival health done according to the criteria of gingival Index for Loe and Silness (1963) and loss of attachment done following the criteria of WHO (1997). Caries assessment was done according to the WHO modified Decayed-Missing-Filled Index (DMF) and examination was done with a plane mouth mirror and CPI probe.
Results: DMFS index were higher in the newly diagnosed group followed by the control group and then the treated group but the LSD test showed that differences were statistically not significant between each two groups, Plaque index was higher in the newly diagnosed group, and the differences were statistically significant only between the newly and the control group (p<0.05), Calculus index was higher in the newly diagnosed group and the difference was statistically significant between the newly diagnosed group and the treated group. Gingival index was higher in the control group and the difference was statistically highly significant between the new and control groups (p<0.01) and also highly significant between control group and the treated group. Loss of attachment index was higher in the control group the LSD test show that the difference was statistically significant between the control group and each one of the other two groups. In regard to saliva, salivary flow rate was higher in the control group; the difference was significant between the control and the newly diagnosed group and highly significant between control and the treated group. Interleukin-6 level was higher in the newly diagnosed group then the treated group then the control group. LSD test show that the difference was statistically significant between the new and the treated group (p<0.05) and it was highly significant between the new and the control group (p<0.01) but it was not significant between the treated and control group. TNF-? level was higher in newly diagnosed group followed by the treated group then the control group and the difference was statistically significant with the treated group and highly significant with the control group, but the difference was not significant between the treated and the control group.
Conclusion: Salivary Interluekine-6 and Tumor necrosis factor- ? levels were higher in the newly diagnosed group. Saliva provides an ideal tool for the detection of pro-inflammatory markers. Salivary IL-6and TNF-? may play an important role as biomarkers for CMLand IL-6 is more predictable for the response to the treatment than TNF-?.

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How to Cite
Al-Shaikh Radhi, N. and Al-Waheb, A. (1) “Estimation of some salivary variables and oral health status of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia aged 45-55 years”, Journal of Baghdad College of Dentistry, 25(Special Is), pp. 140-145. Available at: http://jbcd.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/jbcd/article/view/214 (Accessed: 16February2020).
Section
Orthodontics, Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry