A Comparative Study of Clinicopathological and Immunohistochemical Expression of CD1a, RANK and RANKL in Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis of Jaw and Skull Lesions

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Alyaa K Mohammed
Bashar H Abdullah

Abstract

Background: Langerhans' cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a group of conditions affecting the reticuloendothelial system. It includes Letterer-Siwe disease, Hand-Schuller-Christian disease and eosinophilic granuloma and most often presents in childhood.
Materials and methods: Twenty-five cases of LCH were diagnosed histologically and confirmed by CD1a antibody and assessed immunohistochemically using anti-RANKL and anti-RANK antibodies to evaluate osteoclastogenic mechanism.
Results: Regarding jaw cases, there was a significant correlation between CD1a and RANK (P=0.016). While in the skull, highly significant correlation existed between RANK and RANKL (p=0.001). Among the sites, there was no statistically significant difference found for each the immunohistochemical markers used.
Conclusion: LCH of jaws and skull bear similar osteoclastogenic mechanism when quantified with RANK and RANKL immunostaining respectively. With a significant correlation between CD1a and RANK for jaw cases, while in the skull lesions, there was a high significant correlation between RANK and RANKL.
Keywords: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand(RANKL), receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK),cluster of differentiation(CD1a), Langerhans cells(LCs).

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How to Cite
1.
Mohammed AK, Abdullah BH. A Comparative Study of Clinicopathological and Immunohistochemical Expression of CD1a, RANK and RANKL in Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis of Jaw and Skull Lesions. J Bagh Coll Dent [Internet]. 2016 Mar. 15 [cited 2022 Aug. 9];28(1):78-83. Available from: https://jbcd.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/jbcd/article/view/1087
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Oral Diagnosis