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Materials and methods: Ninety caries-free, recently extracted single-rooted human teeth with straight root canals was used in this study, The root canals were endodontically instrumented at a working length of 0.5 mm from the apex by means of conventional instruments for hand use (Dentsply, Switzerland) up to size 35.then root canal filling was performed followed by post space preparation up to 8mm including cervical and middle one third of root canal then the fiber post was cemented into canal post space then the root was sectioned to get cervical (4 mm in length) and middle (4 mm in length) thirds ,these thirds were examined by push out test to get values of retention of fiber post inside these canal thirds .
Results and Conclusions: The results of this study has been showed that there was no significant differences between push out bond strength between fiber post and root at cervical third as compared with middle third when using polycarboxylate cement or Zinc phosphate cement to cement the fiber post to the canal walls and the results showed that there was no significant differences in push out bond strength for polycarboxylate or Zinc phosphate cement after one and two months but there was highly significantly increase in push out bond strength for resin cements used to cement the fiber post to the root canal after one and two months
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