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Materials and Methods: Fifty (50) formalin fixed, paraffin embedded blocks of both Oral Lichen Planus (25 cases) & Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (25 cases) were collected pro- and retrospectively were included in this study. Hematoxylin & Eosin stain was performed for each block for reassessment of histopathological examination. An immunohistochemical staining was performed using anti Cyclin D1 and anti NF-KB p65 monoclonal antibodies.
Results: Of twenty five OLPstudied cases , positive Cyclin D1 & NF-KB p65 expression was found in (84%) and (88%)of the cases respectively. For OSCC ,out of 25 studied cases ,positive Cyclin D1 & NF-KB p65 expression was observe in (88%) and (96%) of cases respectively. Statistically significant correlation between Cyclin D1immuno- reactivity and clinical presentation of OLP was found. Statistically significant correlation of Cyclin D1 immunoreactivity with tumor grade andNF-kBp65 immunoreactivity with tumor stage in OSCC cases was found. Statistically a highly significant correlation between the expression of two studied markers in OLP and OSCC was found.
Conclusion: A highly significant correlation was seen regarding the expression of both markers with each other, suggesting their cooperative role in the pathogenesis of OLP and OSCC.
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