Evaluation of shear bond strength of artificial teeth to heat cure acrylic and high impact heat cure acrylic using autoclave processing method

Main Article Content

Mustafa M.J

Abstract

Background: Debonding and fracture of artificial teeth from denture bases are common clinical problem, bonding of artificial teeth to heat cure acrylic and high impact heat cure acrylic denture base materials with autoclave processing method is not well known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of autoclave processing method on shear bond of artificial teeth to heat cure denture base material and high impact heat cure denture base material.
Materials and methods: Heat polymerized (Vertex) and high impact acrylic (Vertex) acrylic resins were used. Teeth were processed to each of the denture base materials after the application of different surface treatments. The sample (which consist of artificial tooth attached to the denture base at 45 degree) are consist of (80) artificial teeth from the same model of central incisor, they were prepared , treated and bonded to the conventional heat cured and high impact acrylic denture base material then processed.
Control group (Group A 40 samples) in which acrylic resins PMMA cured by conventional water- bath processing technique (74°C for 1.5 hours then boil for 30 minutes),the group was subdivided to 20 samples heat cure acrylic and 20 samples high impact acrylic.
Experimentalgroups (Group B 40 samples) in which acrylic resins was cured by autoclave at 121°C, 210KPa. For 30min.the group subdivided to 20 samples heat cure acrylic and 20 samples high impact acrylic.
For each subgroup, the 20 samples were subdivided according to surface treatment into:
1-Five acrylic teeth without any surface treatment (control).
2- Five acrylic teeth with diatoric preparation (retention grooves).
3- Five acrylic teeth conditioned with thinner.
4- Five acrylic teeth with retention grooves and thinner.
Results: Statistical analysis revealed that chemical and mechanical treatment of acrylic teeth improved the shear bond with heat cure and high impact acrylicalsoautoclave processing improvedthe shear bond with acrylic teeth in high impact acrylic.
Conclusion: Autoclave polymerization is suggested as alternative method for processing denture base resins. Autoclave polymerization can be easily performed in laboratory conditions. In High Impact Acrylic, there were highly significant differences of autoclave processing technique compared with water bath regarding the shear bond strength with acrylic teeth.

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How to Cite
1.
M.J M. Evaluation of shear bond strength of artificial teeth to heat cure acrylic and high impact heat cure acrylic using autoclave processing method. J Bagh Coll Dent [Internet]. 2014 Dec. 15 [cited 2022 Aug. 19];26(4):71-7. Available from: https://jbcd.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/jbcd/article/view/593
Section
Restorative Dentistry