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Materials and methods: Heat polymerized (Vertex) and high impact acrylic (Vertex) acrylic resins were used. Teeth were processed to each of the denture base materials after the application of different surface treatments. The sample (which consist of artificial tooth attached to the denture base at 45 degree) are consist of (80) artificial teeth from the same model of central incisor, they were prepared , treated and bonded to the conventional heat cured and high impact acrylic denture base material then processed.
Control group (Group A 40 samples) in which acrylic resins PMMA cured by conventional water- bath processing technique (74Â°C for 1.5 hours then boil for 30 minutes),the group was subdivided to 20 samples heat cure acrylic and 20 samples high impact acrylic.
Experimentalgroups (Group B 40 samples) in which acrylic resins was cured by autoclave at 121Â°C, 210KPa. For 30min.the group subdivided to 20 samples heat cure acrylic and 20 samples high impact acrylic.
For each subgroup, the 20 samples were subdivided according to surface treatment into:
1-Five acrylic teeth without any surface treatment (control).
2- Five acrylic teeth with diatoric preparation (retention grooves).
3- Five acrylic teeth conditioned with thinner.
4- Five acrylic teeth with retention grooves and thinner.
Results: Statistical analysis revealed that chemical and mechanical treatment of acrylic teeth improved the shear bond with heat cure and high impact acrylicalsoautoclave processing improvedthe shear bond with acrylic teeth in high impact acrylic.
Conclusion: Autoclave polymerization is suggested as alternative method for processing denture base resins. Autoclave polymerization can be easily performed in laboratory conditions. In High Impact Acrylic, there were highly significant differences of autoclave processing technique compared with water bath regarding the shear bond strength with acrylic teeth.
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