Shear bond strength of endodontic sealers to dentin with and without smear layer and gutta percha (An in vitro study)

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Rana K Hasan
Majida K Al-Hashimi


Background: The bond strength of root canal sealers to dentin and gutta-percha seems to be an important property for maintaining the stability of root canal filling, which potentially influences both leakage and root strength. The objective of this, in vitro, study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of three different endodontic sealers (Gutta-Flow, AH Plus, Apexit Plus) to dentin, in the presence and absence of the smear layer and gutta percha.
Material and Methods: After slicing off the occlusal 2mm of 60 extracted human maxillary premolar teeth, the exposed dentin served as the tested surfaces; the teeth were fixed with cold cure acrylic, and were divided into two groups according to the smear layer presence, group A without smear layer, when dentin surfaces were irrigated with EDTA 17% followed by distilled water then subdivided into 3 subgroups according to the type of sealer used; group B when dentin surfaces were washed with distilled water only, then subdivided into 3 subgroups. Thirty samples of gutta-percha were prepared and named as group C which was subdivided into 3 subgroups. Five mm long section of polyethylene tubes were placed on the dentin or gutta percha surfaces and filled with freshly mixed sealer. After one week, all the samples were tested for shear bond strength by the Instron Universal Testing Machine at a cross head speed of 0.5 mm/min. The data was calculated in MPa and was statistically analyzed
Result: There was a highly significant difference in the shear bond strength (P < 0.05) in comparison among the tested groups, GuttaFlow showed non-significant difference in bond strength to dentin with and without smear layer, while AH Plus and Apexit Plus showed a high significant difference.
Conclusions: AHPlus showed the highest shear bond strength in all the tested samples, while GuttaFlow was the least. Additionally, AH Plus and Apexit Plus shear bond strengths were affected by the smear layer removal, while GuttaFlow was not.


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Hasan RK, Al-Hashimi MK. Shear bond strength of endodontic sealers to dentin with and without smear layer and gutta percha (An in vitro study). J Bagh Coll Dent [Internet]. 2014 Dec. 15 [cited 2023 Sep. 23];26(4):86-9. Available from:
Restorative Dentistry