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Materials and methods: Seven 2-D models of maxillary first premolar include class I cavity design was prepared, one sound tooth (A) 3 composite (B1, B2, and B3) and 3 amalgam (C1, C2, and C3). In design (BI and C1) the cavity position is in the mid distance between bacc-lingual cusp tip, design (B2 and C2) and (B3 and C3) shifted toward the buccal cusp and the lingual cusp for 0.5 mm respectively. One hundred N vertical load was applied and stress analysis was applied using Ansys v14 software.
Results: The maximum Von Mises stress 585.35 MPa in the sound tooth and (899,46, 690.46, and 941.47) in central, buccal, and lingual cavities position filled with a composite restoration respectively. Whereas, the highest stress (1540.37 MPa), (1233.09 MPa) and (1214.34 MPa) appears with a central, buccal and lingual cavities filled with amalgam respectively.
Conclusion: Reestablishment of the stress level of maxillary premolars subjected to class I cavity preparations are cavity bacc-lingual position and restorative-system-dependent.
Key words: Cavity position, class I, amalgam, composite, stress level.
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