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Materials and methods: Salvadora Persica (siwak) and Green Tea solutions were prepared.An agar diffusion test was performed on Mueller-Hinton agar using the well diffusion method. The tested solutions (5.25% NaOCl, 2% Chlorhexidine gluconate, 5% Siwak extract and 5% Green tea extract)were used to fill the wells that were made in the agar media respectively.Plates were left to incubate for 24 hr. at 37Â°C. Zones of inhibition of the bacterial growth were calculated to measure the antibacterial effect of the tested irrigants.
Results: Sodium hypochlorite had the highest mean value (29.88) followed by Chlorhexidine which had a mean value of (26.13), Siwak with mean value of (11.25) and Green tea being the least with mean value of (8.88). ANOVA test showed a highly statistical difference with a P-value of (0.000).
Conclusions: NaOCl still the superior irrigant than other irrigants. Herbal alternatives (Siwak and Green tea) can be used as possible irrigants solution to disinfect the root canal system from Enterococcus faecalis during endodontic treatments.
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