Evaluation the effect of nano-fillers (TiO2, AL2O3, SiO2) addition on glass transition temperature, E-Moudulus and coefficient of thermal expansion of acrylic denture base material

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Ihab N Safi

Abstract

Background: The PMMA polymer denture base materials are low in thermal and strength properties. The aim of the study was to investigate the change in glass transition temperature, E-Moudulus and coefficient of thermal expansion of acrylic denture base material by addition of Al2O3, TiO2 and SiO2nano-fillers in 5% by weight.
Materials and methods: The type of polymerization is free radical bulk polymerization. one hundred twenty (120) specimens were prepared , the specimens were divided into four groups according to the material had been added (one control and three for Al2O3, TiO2 and SiO2nanocomposite) each group was subdivided in to three groups according to the test had been done on it, the degree of transition (Tg) was measured by The differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), E-Modulus and coefficient of thermal expansion and contraction was measured by Thermo Mechanical Analyzer (TMA) .Each sample was tested at different temperatures (30,40,50,60,70C).
Results: Highly significant decrease in coefficient thermal expansion and contraction and in E-Modulus occurred in acrylic incorporated with Al2O3, TiO2 and SiO2 nano-fillers in 5% by weight when compared to control group. For glass transition temperature a significant increase had occurred with the addition of nanofillers at 5% when compared to control group.
Conclusion: The results showed that the polymer nanocomposites possess material properties different from that of unmodified PMMA, nanocomposite has thermal and mechanical stability more than heat neat PMMA.

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How to Cite
1.
Safi I. Evaluation the effect of nano-fillers (TiO2, AL2O3, SiO2) addition on glass transition temperature, E-Moudulus and coefficient of thermal expansion of acrylic denture base material. JBCD [Internet]. 1 [cited 19Jun.2021];26(1):37-1. Available from: https://jbcd.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/jbcd/article/view/294
Section
Restorative Dentistry